ELD Regulations USA

✅USA Regulations Summary

(Please refer to the full FMCSA Ruling: https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2015-12-16/pdf/2015-31336.pdf )

The FMSCA issued the Final Rule for ELD’s on December 16, 2015. Full implementation of the regulations occurred on December 18, 2017.

Drivers in the USA will have to use ELD’s if they are currently keeping Record of Duty Status, with some minor exceptions. Driving vehicles manufactured before 2000 will be exempt.

Automated On-Board Recording Devices must be upgraded or replaced with ELD’s by December 16, 2019.

✅Technical Standards

✅Engine Synchronization

  • Integral synchronization to the engine control module (ECM)
  • Monitoring of the vehicle’s engine operation to automatically capture:
    • Engine’s power status
    • Vehicle’s motion status
    • Miles driven
    • Engine hours

✅Automatically Recorded Data

  • Date
  • Time
  • CMV Geographic Location Information
  • Engine Hours
  • Vehicle Miles
  • Driver or Authenticated User Identification
  • Vehicle Identification
  • Motor Carrier Identification

✅ELD Event Data Recordings

  • Engine power up and shut down
  • Driver login/logout
  • Duty status changes
  • Personal use or yard moves
  • Certification of driver’s daily record 60-minute intervals when the vehicle is in motion
  • Malfunction of diagnostic events


  • CMV Geographic Location Information
  • Show a nearby city, town, or village, or the compass direction and distance from the nearest city, town, or village
  • During on-duty driving periods, the location accuracy is approximately within a 1-mile radius When a CMV is used for personal use, the position reporting accuracy is approximately within a 10-mile radius

✅Manual Inputs

  • Motor carriers – User account setup of Drivers and support personnel (mechanics, dispatch, etc.)
  • Drivers
    • Annotations, when applicable
    • Location description, when prompted by the ELD
    • CMV power unit number
    • Trailer number(s), if applicable
    • Shipping document number, if applicable

✅Data Diagnostics and Malfunctions

  • ELD identifies data diagnostics and malfunctions with status as either “detected” or “cleared” for:
    • Power
    • Data Synchronization
    • Timing
    • Positioning
    • Data Recording
    • Data Transfer
    • Unidentified Driver Records

✅Roadside Inspection Changes

  • RODS information can be shared either by printout, screen display visible to enforcement at a reasonable distance, or at the discretion of the inspector, data via fax, email or other method.

✅ELD Information Required in the Daily Header:

  • 24-Hour Period Starting Time
  • Carrier Name/USDOT #
  • Driver Name and ID
  • Driver’s License #
  • Driver’s License State
  • Co-Driver Name and ID
  • Current Location
  • Data Diagnostic Indicators
  • ELD Malfunction Indicators
  • ELD Manufacturer Name
  • ELD Registration ID
  • Unidentified Driver Records
  • Exempt Driver Status
  • Miles Today
  • Print/Display Date
  • Record Date
  • Shipping ID
  • Current Engine Hours
  • Current Odometer
  • Time Zone
  • Truck Tractor ID and VIN
  • Trailer ID


  • Driver harassment: carriers can’t force a driver to violate the Hours of Service regs
  • ELD must have a mute function in trucks with a sleeper berth.
  • Anti-Tampering: very limited editing abilities. All original data is preserved.

Check out our list of 227 ELD Providers, including Big Road, Garmin, Omnitracs, Gorilla Safety, Blue Ink Bit, Stoneridge, Keep Truckin, Rand McNally, Eroad, Switchboard, & Geotab: ELD Providers List

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